A Little History Lesson
Although the Boston Terrier is a cute, compact little dog, and you have decided you would like to be owned by one, it is important to understand the special nature of this little dog and why the breed exists.
The history of the Boston terrier and the Olde Boston Bulldogge are one in the same. Although the Olde Boston Bulldogge is the original type and form, the Boston terrier is well known today as the "American Gentlemen". Both of these two breeds originated from the same dog.
The Boston Terrier was bred down in size from pit fighting dogs of the bull and terrier type. The Boston terrier originally weighed up to 44lbs. The gentlemen that we know today were once pit fighters. In fact their weight classifications were divided into lightweight, middle weight, and heavy weight.
These dogs originated in the city of Boston, Massachusetts, and is one of the few breeds that originated in the United States. The original Boston terrier was a cross between the English Bulldog, and the now extinct English White terrier. Their history can be traced back as far as 1865, to a dog by the name of Hooper's Judge who weighed over 30lbs. He was bred to a smaller female, and their offspring was bred down again to a smaller female. Their offspring then was bred to French Bulldogs to provide the foundation for the Boston terrier. Between 1889 and 1893, the dog that was known as the "roundhead" was then officially called the "Boston terrier" and recognized by the AKC.
By 1915 the Boston terrier was established, and had become the most popular in the country where they were on the top of the registration list. They were on top again by 1920, and 1930 where they remained at the top until 1960.
Even though they are not fighters, they are protective and loyal to their family. Their small size and neatness make them a good breed for apartments. The Boston terrier is intelligent and enthusiastic. This breed is easily house trained, and with time and patience, can learn obedience as well as many tricks. Boston terriers are excellent companion pets for children and the elderly.
Links on The Early Standards
The Truth About Colored Boston Terriers
These colors that have always existed within the Boston terrier:
- Black and White Genetically Kb
- Black Brindle and White Genetically Kbr
- Seal and White Genetically ?
- Red and White Genetically b/b
- Brown and White Genetically b/b
- Fawn and White Genetically K/K, a/y a/y, Em
- Cream and White Genetically e/e (Diluted Cream e/e, D/D)
- Honey and White Genetically e/e (Diluted Cream e/e, D/D)
- Blue and White Genetically d/d
- Lilac and White Genetically b/b, d/d
- Albino Genetically cch
- Splash Genetically sp
- Tri-Color Genetically at/at
The Breed Standard was originally written and in been in existence since the formation of the club in 1891. This OLD Standard written in 1891.
It wasn't until October 1914 that the New Standard Was Adopted and the Color preferences were set into the Standard.
GENERAL APPEARANCE AND STYLE: The general appearance of the Boston Terrier is that of a smooth, short-coated, compactly-built dog of medium station. The head should indicate a high degree of intelligence and should be in proportion to the dog’s size; the body rather short and well-knit, the limbs strong and finely turned, no feature being so prominent that the dog appears badly proportioned. The dog conveys an impression of determination, strength and activity. Style of a high order, and carriage easy and graceful.
SKULL: Broad and flat, without prominent cheeks, and forehead free from wrinkles.
STOP: Well defined, but indenture not too deep.
EYES: Wide apart, large and round, neither sunken nor too prominent, and in color dark and soft. The outside corner should be on a line with the cheeks as viewed from the front.
MUZZLE: Short, square, wide and deep, without wrinkles. Nose black and wide, with a well defined straight line between nostrils. The jaws broad and square, with short, regular teeth. The chops wide and deep, not pendulous, completely covering the teeth when mouth is closed.
EARS: Small and thin, situated as near corners of skull as possible.
NECK: Of fair length, without throatiness and slightly arched.
BODY: Deep and broad of chest, well ribbed up. Back short, not roached. Loins and quarters strong.
ELBOWS: Standing neither in nor out.
FORELEGS: Wide apart, straight and well muscled.
HINDLEGS: Straight, quite long from stifle to hock (which should turn neither in nor out), short and straight from hock to pasterns. Thighs well muscled. Hocks not too prominent.
FEET: Small, nearly round, and turned neither in nor out. Toes compact and arched.
TAIL: Set-on low, short, fine and tapering, devoid of fringe or coarse hair, and not carried above the horizontal.
COLOR: Any color, brindle, evenly marked with white, strongly preferred.
MARKINGS: White muzzle, blaze on face, collar, chest and feet.
COAT: Fine in texture, short, bright and not too hard.
- Lightweight class 12 and not to exceed 17 pounds;
- middleweight class 17 and not to exceed 22 pounds;
- heavyweight class 22 and not to exceed 28 pounds.
DISQUALIFICATIONS: Docked tail and any artificial means used to deceive the judge.
The Truth About The Merle Boston Terrier
Merle Boston Terriers have been a new and upcoming fad in the breed. Never in the history of the Boston Terrier has there been a Merle (Harlequin) or (Dapple) Color Pattern Boston terrier Born. The Truth is that it is genetically impossible for the Merle color Pattern to be within the makeup of the Boston terrier. The Merle is a canine coat pattern that is naturally occurring in ONLYa few breeds. This means that the majority of breeds with this color do NOT Exist unless they are mixed breeds.
ANY Merle Boston Terrier is NOT PUREBRED. It is likely mixed with Chihuahua, Dachshund, Pit Bull (American Bully), even Australian Shepherd. One parent must be Merle, therefore that other breed will be a large percentage of your dog's genetic makeup. Even someone who has been breeding them for a few generations started their "Merle Boston Terriers" with a 50/50 mix.
Unethical Profit Seeking breeders will tell you that the Merle Color Pattern was a part of the Boston terrier history and that they were drowned because they were considered undesirable within the breed. However, When Challenged they will NOT be able to give you any proof of this claim.
Breeding Merle Boston terrier Mixes is NOT only Dishonest and Unethical to pass off as pure bred, but it is irresponsible. As most of these breeders breeding this color pattern are unaware or just don’t care that they are creating puppies that will certainly have health problems associated with the merle color pattern. Recent research has indicated that the majority of dogs affected by these health issues are carriers of the piebald (splash) and Merle genes. The piebald gene is indicated by white areas on the dog's coat.
Although part of the health tests associated with the breed includes BAER or hearing tests, these tests do NOT affect the offspring of a litter what so ever. They are ONLY good for the subject being tested. Unless the breeder breeding this litter tests the litter in its entirety, there is no guarantee that the puppy being sold is NOT going to be effected by deafness.
JHC (Juvenile Hereditary Cataracts) is a test for juvenile blindness in the Boston terrier, However most people breeding the Merle color pattern probably do not even know what breed that their dog was mixed with; and each breed requires a different type of test that is breed specific to ensure that the dog is free from genetic health problems associated with blindness and the Merle color pattern in these Mixed Breed Boston terriers.
Dog Coat Colour Genetics
The White Aussie Project
Merle Color Pattern In the Chihuahua
The Merle Gene and Multiple Ocular Abnormalities
Merle Miniature Schnauzer & The Merle Pattern In ANY Dog Breed
Boston Terrier Coat Color Patterns
The Truth About Long Haired Boston Terriers
Here at Argo's Kennels We Do NOT breed, nor do we Condone Breeding These Long Coated Dogs.
It's the "Long Haired Boston Terrier" or "Silky Boston". Make no mistake, regardless of how much anyone insists they are purebred, they are NOT!
The Boston Terrier is a smooth coated dog, originating from smooth coated breeds. Breeders and fans of these long haired "Bostons" point to the long extinct English White Terrier as the origin of this recessive trait. The English White Terrier is also a smooth coated dog.
The standard for the English White Terrier stated:
COAT – Close, hard, short, and glossy.
Nothing remotely resembling a long haired dog.
Enthusiasts claim the English White Terrier had ancestors that were wire haired. However in defending a silky haired dog, you cannot logically point to a wire haired coat as a recessive trait of a silky haired dog.
Supporters and breeders of this "rare" Boston claim that people should "do their research" before judging. However research does not turn up a single instance of a Boston Terrier with long hair, other than a few in recent years appearing on forums, originating from the litters of backyard breeders.
Canine Hair Length;
Some breeds of dogs, such as Labradors, always have a short-haired coat. Other breeds of dogs, such as Poodles, always have long hair. Still other breeds can have either type of coat, such as the Dachshund, the chihuahua and the mastiffs. The long coat is caused by a recessive genetic mutation in the FGF5 gene.
Because it is a recessive mutation, a dog must have two copies of the recessive long-hair allele (l/l) to express that gene and cause the dog to have long hair. A dog that has short hair could have one or two copies of the short-hair allele (LL or Ll) to have the short-hair phenotype. Thus, it is possible for two short-haired dogs (if they are both carriers of the long-haired allele) to have a litter of both long-haired and short-haired pups. This may be of a concern for breeds in which long-hair does not fit the breed standard.
Hair Length Testing:
A swab genetics test can be done to determine the number of copies of the recessive "long hair" allele a dog carries.
Dogs can be DNA tested at ANY age.
Testing is Relevant For The Following Breeds:
Alaskan Malamutes, Bullmastiff, Chihuahuas, Cardigan Welsh Corgis, Dachshunds, Dalmatians, German Shepherd Dogs, Labrador Retrievers, Mastiffs, Norfolk Terrier, Norwich Terriers, Pembroke Welsh Corgis, Rottweilers, Schipperke, Shiba Inus, Weimaraners.
DNA testing for the recessive "L" allele is needed. The genetic test verifies the presence of the mutation and presents results as one of the following:
L/L Short Hair The dog is negative for the long-hair allele. The dog will have short hair and will always pass on the allele responsible for short hair to any offspring.
L/l Short Hair Both the dominant and recessive alleles detected. The dog will have short hair and carries the gene responsible for long hair. The dog can pass on a copy of either allele to any offspring.
l/l Long Hair The dog has two copies of the long-hair allele. The dog will have long hair and will always pass on a copy of the long hair allele to any offspring.
The fact of the matter is the claim of the Boston Terrier breed genetically carrying long hair recessive alleles is FALSE and can be proven time and time again.
The average life span of the Boston terrier is 14 to 16 years.
Docking of Tails & Dewclaws
We rarely have the need to dock a tail, but if we do it, it is noted with the sale of the puppy. We have owned dogs all our lives and never had issue with a dew claw and we do NOT remove dew claws. To better understand why we do NOT you may read this article >> Do the Dew(claws)? – M. Christine Zink DVM, PhD, DACVSM
I am a breeder of AKC/CKC Boston Terriers
We WILL register an eligible puppy with AKC papers and microchip and there will be an additional cost of $65 to cover..
Please Be A Responsible Pet Owner! Educate Yourself Before Purchasing A Puppy!
Don't Drop Your Dog Off at the Pound or Humane Society!
Written By a Shelter Manager!
I think our society needs a huge "Wake-up" call. As a shelter manager, I am going to share a little insight with you all...a view from the inside if you will. First off, all of you people who have ever surrendered a pet to a shelter or humane society should be made to work in the "back" of an animal shelter for just one day. Maybe if you saw the life drain from a few sad, lost, confused eyes, you would help more animals find homes. That puppy you just bought will most likely end up in my shelter when it's not a cute little puppy anymore. Just so you know there's a 90% chance that dog will never walk out of the shelter it's dumped at? Purebred or not! About 25% of all of the dogs that are "owner surrenders" or "strays", that come into a shelter are purebred dogs.
The most common excuses: "We are moving and we can't take our dog (or cat)." Really? Where are you moving too that doesn't allow pets? Or they say "The dog got bigger than we thought it would". How big did you think a German Shepherd would get? "We don't have time for her". Really? I work a 10-12 hour day and still have time for my 6 dogs! "She's tearing up our yard". How about making her a part of your family? They always tell me "We just don't want to have to stress about finding a place for her we know she'll get adopted, she's a good dog".
Odds are your pet won't get adopted & how stressful do you think being in a shelter is? Well, let me tell you, your pet has 72 hours to find a new family from the moment you drop it off. Sometimes a little longer if the shelter isn't full and your dog manages to stay completely healthy. If it sniffles, it dies. Your pet will be confined to a small run/kennel in a room with other barking or crying animals. It will have to relieve itself where it eats and sleeps. It will be depressed and it will cry constantly for the family that abandoned it. If your pet is lucky, I will have enough volunteers in that day to take him/her for a walk. If I don't, your pet won't get any attention besides having a bowl of food slid under the kennel door and the waste sprayed out of its pen with a high-powered hose. If your dog is big, black or any of the "Bully" breeds (pit bull, rottie, mastiff, etc) it was pretty much dead when you walked it through the front door. Those dogs just don't get adopted. It doesn't matter how 'sweet' or 'well behaved' they are.
If your dog doesn't get adopted within its 72 hours and the shelter is full, it will be destroyed. If the shelter isn't full and your dog is good enough, and of a desirable enough breed it may get a stay of execution, but not for long . Most dogs get very kennel protective after about a week and are destroyed for showing aggression. Even the sweetest dogs will turn in this environment. If your pet makes it over all of those hurdles chances are it will get kennel cough or an upper respiratory infection and will be destroyed because the shelter gets paid a fee to euthanize each animal and making money is better than spending money to take this animal to the vet.
Here's a little euthanasia 101 for those of you that have never witnessed a perfectly healthy, scared animal being "put-down". First, your pet will be taken from its kennel on a leash. They always look like they think they are going for a walk happy, wagging their tails. Until they get to "The Room", every one of them freaks out and puts on the brakes when we get to the door. It must smell like death or they can feel the sad souls that are left in there, it's strange, but it happens with every one of them. Your dog or cat will be restrained, held down by 1 or 2 shelter workers depending on the size and how freaked out they are. Then a shelter worker who we call a euthanasia tech (not a vet) find a vein in the front leg and inject a lethal dose of the "pink stuff". Hopefully your pet doesn't panic from being restrained and jerk. I've seen the needles tear out of a leg and been covered with the resulting blood and been deafened by the yelps and screams. They all don't just "go to sleep", sometimes they spasm for a while, gasp for air and defecate on themselves. You see shelters are trying to make money to pay employee pay checks and don't forget the board of directors needs to be paid too, so we don't spend our funds to tranquilize the animal before injecting them with the lethal drug, we just put the burning lethal drug in the vein and let them suffer until dead. If it were not a making money issue and we had to have a licensed vet do this procedure, the animal would be sedated or tranquilized and then euthanize d, but to do this procedure correctly would cost more money so we do not follow what is right for the animal, we just follow what is the fastest way we can make a dollar. Shelters do not have to have a vet perform their euthanasia's so even if it takes our employee 50 pokes with a needle and 3 hours to get the vein that is what we do. Making money is the issue here not loosing money.
When it all ends, your pets corpse will be stacked like firewood in a large freezer in the back with all of the other animals that were killed waiting to be picked up like garbage. What happens next? Cremated? Taken to the dump? Rendered into pet food? Or used for the schools to dissect and experiment on? You'll never know and it probably won't even cross your mind. It was just an animal and you can always buy another one, right!
I hope that those of you who still have a beating heart and have read this are bawling your eyes out and can't get the pictures out of your head, I deal with this everyday. I hate my job, I hate that it exists & I hate that it will always be there unless you people make some changes and start educating the public. Do research, do your homework, and know exactly what you are getting into before getting a pet. These shelters and humane societies exist because people just do not care about animals anymore. Animals were not intended to be disposable but somehow that is what they are these days. Animal shelters are an easy way out when you get tired of your dog (or cat), and breeders are the ones blamed for this. Animal shelters and rescue organizations are making a hefty profit by keeping this misconception going.
Between 9 and 11 MILLION animals die every year in shelters and only you can stop it. I just hope I maybe changed one persons mind about taking their dog to a shelter, a humane society, or buying a dog. For those of you that care--- please re-post this to at least one other craiglist in another city/state. Let's see if we can get this all around the US and have an impact.